General Studies 4

Ethics Integrity and Aptitude


Section-I: Ethics

  • Essence, determinants and consequences of ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Ethics in public administration, status and problems, ethical dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as a source of ethical guidance;
  • Accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance;
  • The concept of public service, philosophical basis of governance, information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen charters, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public fund, challenges of corruption.
  • Human values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, administrators, Role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Section-II: Integrity

  • Integrity, impartiality and non- partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

Section-III: Aptitude

  • Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, Content, structure, function, its relation with thoughts and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion, Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, emotional intelligence and their utilities and application in administration and governance, contributions of moral thinkers from India and the world.

Case studies of above issues.

Books to be referred

  1. Lexicon book
  2. Internet

Strategy :

  • Ethics subject is a new addition to KAS syllabus i.e., in 2014 mains, when a new pattern was introduced. Even though the syllabus of this paper is similar to UPSC mains, the strategy to study for KAS is very different. This subject in KAS mains is very much static. In the last two mains exams not even single question was framed on current affairs.
  • Sticking to syllabus word to word will serve your purpose. However while writing answers you need to link to current affairs ( examples, surveys, committees, case studies etc). For example, if the question was asked about Emotional Intelligence (EI), you need to quote some recent examples where any bureaucrat has shown EI in real life and got required results in the field.
  • Make your own notes for this subject or refer some good notes if you can access to. But make your own examples and famous personality’s quotes for each topic and try to include them in your answers wherever possible. It will come from practice. Don’t just try directly in the exam. Write as many mock tests as possible.
  • Also, this subject is very subjective, there is no perfect answer to any question. It all depends on how you present it.
  • And try to remember things in diagrammatic form( flow chart, circles etc), as you can draw these in the exam for good and easy presentation. Remember your job is to make evaluator as easy as possible to evaluate. Write in simple language and present beautifully.
  • One more thing, case studies are given in the syllabus. However, in the last two mains exams, no case studies were asked. But you can’t take the risk, so prepare case studies also. You can refer online websites of UPSC and also KPSCshaale for it.



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